New article in Cognition and Emotion

It’s my pleasure to inform you that our latest paper, “Individual differences in pupil dilation to others’ emotional and neutral eyes with varying pupil sizes”, is out in Cognition and Emotion. In this paper, we examined the pupil size of adult participants while they viewed images of the eye region of individuals varying in emotional expression (neutral, happy, sad, fearful, angry) and pupil size (large, medium, small). Participants showed pupillary contagion regardless of the emotional expression. Individual differences in demographics (gender, age, socioeconomic status) and psychosocial factors (anxiety, depression, sleep problems) were also examined, yet the only factor related to pupillary contagion was socioeconomic status, with higher socioeconomic status predicting less pupillary contagion for emotionally-neutral stimuli. The results suggest that while pupillary contagion is a robust phenomenon, it can vary meaningfully across individuals.

Fawcett, C., Nordenswan, E., Yrttiaho, S., Häikiö, T., Korja, R., Karlsson, L., Karlsson, H., & Kataja, E-L. (2022). Individual differences in pupil dilation to others’ emotional and neutral eyes with varying pupil sizes. Cognition and Emotion. doi:10.1080/02699931.2022.2073973

Another new article in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

It’s my pleasure to tell that our latest paper “Sound symbolic potential of Russian onomatopoeias: Evidence from eye-tracking” is available online. In this paper, we investigated whether native Finnish speakers can grasp the meaning of Russian onomatopoeic words without any prior knowledge of the Russian language. In Experiment 1, elicitation test, naïve listeners generated associations for the acoustic events depicted by onomatopoeic words they heard. A cluster analysis suggested presence of different types of cues that affect the elicitation of associations. We labeled the clusters Facilitating, Counteracting, Mixed, and Undefined on basis of the types of the associations. In Experiment 2, the same stimulus words were used in an eye-tracking experiment using visual world paradigm. It was shown that the participants have even better chances to map the onomatopoeic words to the correct semantic domain when extralinguistic information is available, in this case target images presented on the experimental display. The availability of both audio and visual inputs substantially boosted this process in all four clusters. Our findings support the view that imitative sound symbolism offers a scaffolding material for connecting onomatopoeias to their referents when words are pronounced in isolation.

Kanerva, O & Häikiö, T. (2022). Sound symbolic potential of Russian onomatopoeias: Evidence from eye-tracking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. doi:10.1037/xlm0001114

New article in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

It’s my pleasure to tell that our latest paper “Eye movements of children and adults reading in three different orthographies” is available online. In this paper, we compared the eye movement patters of children and adults in three languages, namely English, German, and Finnish. We showed that English children showed a qualitatively different reading pattern, while German and Finnish children’s reading behavior was rather similar. These results indicate that the predictability of an orthographic system is more important than its complexity for children’s reading development. Adults’ reading behavior, in contrast, was remarkably similar across languages. Our results demonstrate that eye movements are sensitive to language-specific features in children’s reading, but become more homogenous as reading
skill matures.

Schroeder, S., Häikiö, T., Pagán, A., Dickins, J. H., Hyönä, J., & Liversedge, S. P. (2021). Eye movements of children and adults reading in three different orthographies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. doi:10.1037/xlm0001099

New article in Journal of Eye Movement Research

It’s my pleasure to tell that our latest paper “Eye Movements during dynamic scene viewing are affected by visual attention skills and events of the scene: Evidence from first-person shooter gameplay videos” is available online, free to download. In this paper, we showed that individual differences in visual attention tasks were associated with eye movement patterns observed during viewing of the gameplay video.

Holm, S. K., Häikiö, T., Olli, K., & Kaakinen, J. K. (2021). Eye movements during dynamic scene viewing are affected by visual attention skills and events of the scene: Evidence from first-person shooter gameplay videos. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 14(2). doi:10.16910/jemr.14.2.3

New article in Frontiers

It’s my pleasure to tell that our latest paper “Prenatal glucocorticoid-exposed infants do not show an age-typical fear bias at 8 months of age – Preliminary findings from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study” is available online, free to download. In this paper, we showed that infants exposed to Synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) during pregnacy did not exhibit age-typical fear bias at 8 months of age.

Kataja, E-L., Rodrigues, A. J., Scheinin, N. M., Nolvi, S., Korja, R., Häikiö, T., Ekholm, E., Sousa, N., Karlsson, L., & Karlsson, H. (2021). Prenatal glucocorticoid-exposed infants do not show an age-typical fear bias at 8 months of age – Preliminary findings from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study. Frontiers in Psychology, section Developmental Psychology, 12:655654. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.655654

Yö taas avautuu

yö taas avautuu asuntoon.
olen joskus ilta
kuun talossa ikuisuuksia.
tunnilla on sininen nimeni
sisälläni ystäväni väri.
huomaatko Deja ystäväni?
hänessä leimahtaa se väri.
huomaatko kuolemaantuomittua?
joku jossain täällä.
oletko jotain yksin?
olen puoli Broadway’tä
autopilotilla.
juon jo kotelovaiheessa
eilispäivän happea.
olenko käynnistämässä vähän ajan?

3.3.2006
(Cut-up-runo.)

© 2021 Tuomo Häikiö

New article in Scientific Studies of Reading

It’s my pleasure to tell that our latest paper “The effect of syllable-level hyphenation on novel word reading in early Finnish readers: Evidence from eye movements” is available online, free to download. It took a while for the supplementary material to appear online as well but now it’s all good. In this paper we show that the hyphenation slows down early Finnish readers already when they see the word for the very first time.

Häikiö. T. & Luotojärvi, T. (2021). The effect of syllable-level hyphenation on novel word reading in early Finnish readers: Evidence from eye movements. Scientific Studies of Reading. doi:10.1080/10888438.2021.1874384

Valvojan mietteitä

kuin vanginvartijat seisomme messuhallin reunoilla,
jalat tukevassa haara-asennossa kädet selkiemme takana, toisilla puuskassa, joillakin edessään kuin rukouksen rippeistä kiinni pitäen.
vaikka liivimme huutavat huomiota, pakolliset maskit muistuttavat tilaisuuden hartaasta luonteesta:
kukaan älköön puhuko!
viittaa jos sinulla on asiaa!
vessassa saat sentään käydä, saatettuna totta kai.

mutta hiljaisuudesta on turha haaveilla:
itse halli valittaa välillä,
ilmastoinnin kohinaan voisi heikompi hukkua,
tehtävävihkojen lehteilyt puhkovat suhinaan tasaisesti aukkoja.
jossain narahtaa tuoli, ovi sulkeutuu kaikkensa antaneen kokelaan kannoilla.

tässä hetkessä monella on pelissä elämä –
unelmat sekoittuvat kauhuun, kun valvojille niin pitkät sekunnit muuttuvat menneeksi kiihtyvään tahtiin kokeen lähestyessä loppuaan.
”onko minusta sittenkään tähän?”
”entä jos en pääse mihinkään kouluun?”
lukemattomat lukemiseen tuhlatut tunnit ja valvotut yöt menettävät merkityksensä taisteltaessa viimeisistä desimaaleista.
jos oikein pinnistän, voin kuulla hermosäikeiden ulinan.

hiljalleen halli tyhjenee, palautuspisteen luo muodostuu turvavälit huomioiva jono.
tänä poikkeusaikanakin joku saa palkinnon uurastuksestaan, moni muu joutuu nielemään pettymystään.
kaikella on kuitenkin aikansa, kaikella paikkansa.
aina on tilaa unelmille.
aina on ensi vuosi.

26.5.2021

© 2021 Tuomo Häikiö